Vitamin E is the name of a group of fat-soluble vitamins that occur naturally in certain oils, fruits, vegetables and nuts. Vitamin E deficiency can cause symptoms such as muscle or immune system weakness. People can take supplements if their doctor confirms that they are lacking in vitamin E.
A 2017 research review suggested that vitamins are important for human health and that vitamin deficiencies can lead to health problems. This article explores the benefits of vitamin E. We review supplements and provide a list of sample products.
- protect cells from free radicals
- boost the immune system
- widen blood vessels
- prevent blood clots
- promote cell function
Foods in which vitamin E is naturally present include:
- vegetable and vegetable oils
- green vegetables, such as broccoli and spinach
- fruits, such as mango and kiwi
Manufacturers sometimes add vitamin E to:
- breakfast cereals
Manufacturing companies typically display the above additions on food labels.
Learn more about vitamin E here.
It is important for a person to contact a doctor if they think they have a vitamin E deficiency. A doctor can do a blood test to help identify it.
- muscular weakness
- coordination problems
- numbness and tingling
- eyesight problems
- weak immune system
Learn more about vitamin E deficiency here.
A person can take vitamin E by mouth or apply it to their skin. Both can have
Vitamin E oil
A person applies vitamin E oil directly to the skin to:
- to tend to
- relieve itching caused by conditions such as eczema
- reduce the appearance of scars and wrinkles
- prevent sunburn
A vitamin E supplement, usually taken by mouth, can benefit cells and the immune system.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommends that adults seek out
There is currently no evidence of adverse effects in people with high vitamin E intake from food. However, the NIH continues that for people 19 and older, the upper daily intake level of vitamin E from supplements is 1,000 mg. This means that it is important for a person not to exceed this amount of supplements.
- excessive bleeding
- gastrointestinal ailments
Before choosing a vitamin E supplement, a person may wish to consider the following:
- Form: Supplements are available in capsule, softgel, chewable, or liquid form, so a person can choose the option that best suits their needs.
- Third-party testing: Since the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate supplements, a person may consider verifying that the product is third-party tested to ensure its safety.
- USP Verification: The United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP) offers verified status to products that meet its strict manufacturing guidelines, including:
- The product must contain the ingredients in its label details.
- The product must contain the declared potency and quantities.
- Product must not contain harmful levels of specified contaminants.
- The supplement will be absorbed by a person’s body within a specified time.
- The manufacturer must use safe, sanitary, and well-controlled practices in accordance with FDA and USP guidelines.
- Dosage label: It is important for a person to ensure that they do not exceed the recommended daily intake of vitamin E. For the sake of clarity, they may therefore consider paying close attention to the product label.
Medical News Today chooses products that meet the following criteria:
- Ingredients: DTM chooses products with safe, high-quality ingredients that are clearly labeled. They must also confirm that they are free of pesticides, heavy metals and mold.
- Dosage: DTM chooses products that must clearly indicate the dosage of the supplement.
- Portion: DTM selects products in which the manufacturers recommend a safe dosage.
- Third-party testing: DTM chooses products that must undergo third-party testing for contaminants by an ISO 17025-compliant laboratory.
- Certificate of analysis available: DTM chooses companies that are transparent and share a product’s Certificate of Analysis (COA) after receiving its third-party lab results.
Below we look at some of the best vitamin E supplements for a person to consider.
Best Capsule: Ancient Nutrition
This product may be suitable for people following a paleo or keto diet. The capsules do not contain gluten, dairy or nuts.
The formulation process follows the traditional Chinese medicine super nutrition method, and the company recommends a person to take 2 capsules per day.
This capsule also contains 200 micrograms (mcg) of selenium.
Best capsules: Nature Made
Nature Made recommends a person take 1 capsule daily.
In addition to vitamin E, the ingredients include gelatin, water and glycerin. The product is also free of added colors, preservatives, artificial flavors and gluten.
Best Vegan: Naturelo
The company claims that these herbal capsules come from natural whole foods that they prepare in a facility that follows good manufacturing practices.
Best to Chew: Natures Plus
These chewable tablets are carob flavored and contain other natural flavors.
Best Vitamin E Complex: Nordic Naturals
This product contains vitamin E complex, which means it contains all six forms of vitamin E.
The company states that the product is from sustainable sources.
Best Liquid: Solgar
This product is a liquid form of vitamin E and contains a dropper that measures 1 serving.
The company recommends taking 1 serving, twice daily.
Solgar products are presented in recyclable bottles.
Best Budget Supplement: Kirkland Signature
The company recommends a person take 1 capsule daily, ideally with their largest meal.
It claims that this product is USP certified and free from artificial colors, flavors, preservatives, yeast, starch, and gluten.
Best containing additional vitamins: Garden of Life
In addition to vitamin E, these capsules also contain:
- vitamin A
- Vitamin D
- vitamin K
- a blend of probiotics and digestive enzymes
They contain a mix of raw fruits and vegetables and may be suitable for those following a vegan diet.
Best Powder: Bulk Supplements
A person can dissolve this powder in water once a day to create a drinkable supplement. The 575 mg serving is the approximate equivalent of 1/4 teaspoon.
The company claims that it adheres to current standards of good manufacturing process.
Although it also claims to be third party tested, it currently does not show a COA for this product. However, a person can contact the company to request this information.
The table below compares the supplements in this article.
Below are some common questions about vitamin E supplements.
What is vitamin E used for?
Vitamin E is beneficial for:
- the skin
- the eyes
- immune system
- cellular function
What is the best form of vitamin E?
The most active and best form of vitamin E for humans is d-alpha-tocopherol.
Should I take vitamin E supplements every day?
Vitamin E supplements are only suitable for people with a known deficiency. If a person is unsure if this applies to them, they can contact a doctor or qualified healthcare professional.
Vitamin E acts as an antioxidant in the human body and has many health benefits. It is present in many common foods.
However, those who are deficient in vitamin E may benefit from taking supplements. There are many in different forms, including:
- chewable tablet
It is important that people consult a doctor or healthcare professional before taking vitamin E supplements.